All 'messiah' are anointed with oil into the service of God. Where was Jesus anointed with oil into the service of God?
“After a review of the evidence for the anointing of officials in ancient Egypt as a part of their induction into office, I must conclude that there is no evidence that such a cere mony was ever practiced in ancient Egypt. Attempts to trace the origin of the Hebrew practice of anointing kings to an Egyptian source are misdirected.89 The only definite case in which an Egyptian king anointed one of his officials is that of EA 51. In this instance, it is probable that Thutmosis III was engaging in a custom common among Asiatics, rather than that he was introducing an Egyptian custom into Syria-Palestine”Thompson, Stephen E. (1994). “he Anointing of Officials in Ancient Egypt”. Journal of Near Eastern Studies. 53 (1): 25. JSTOR 545354.
The original commandment in Exodus 30 refers to the temple, the priests and the priestly temple services. Everything was to be “anointed” with a holy anointing oil. Messiah is used in this sense in the Old Testament to describe objects or people who have been brought into the service of God:
22 Moreover, the Lord said to Moses,
23 “Take the finest spices: of liquid myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet-smelling cinnamon half as much, that is, two hundred and fifty, and of aromatic cane two hundred and fifty,
24 and of cassia five hundred, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, and of olive oil a hin;
25 and you shall make of these a sacred anointing oil blended as by the perfumer; a holy anointing oil it shall be.
26 And you shall anoint with it the tent of meeting and the ark of the testimony,
27 and the table and all its utensils, and the lampstand and its utensils, and the altar of incense,
28 and the altar of burnt offering with all its utensils and the laver and its base;
29 you shall consecrate them, that they may be most holy; whatever touches them will become holy.
30 And you shall anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may serve me as priests.
31 And you shall say to the people of Israel, ‘This shall be my holy anointing oil throughout your generations.
32 It shall not be poured upon the bodies of ordinary men, and you shall make no other like it in composition; it is holy, and it shall be holy to you.
33 Whoever compounds any like it or whoever puts any of it on an outsider shall be cut off from his people.’”
34 And the Lord said to Moses, “Take sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum, sweet spices with pure frankincense (of each shall there be an equal part),
35 and make an incense blended as by the perfumer, seasoned with salt, pure and holy;
36 and you shall beat some of it very small, and put part of it before the testimony in the tent of meeting where I shall meet with you; it shall be for you most holy.
37 And the incense which you shall make according to its composition, you shall not make for yourselves; it shall be for you holy to the Lord.
38 Whoever makes any like it to use as perfume shall be cut off from his people.”Exodus 30:22-38 (RSV)
From the above we see that the primary requirements are frankensense and myrrh for the holy incense to the Lord, and for the anointing oil for priestly services, objects and the priests themselves.
King David was anointed as follows;
Of course, Saul was also anointed in the same way;
A common factor is anointing.
From the list above, we conclude that anointing Bible kings was the ordinary procedure – normally done by a priest or prophet as a representative of God. This is likely to have been followed whether or not the anointing was at the command of God. (Source: Anointing Bible Kings)
Translated alternately as 'anointed' and 'Messiah' depending on the passage; this discrepancy is not present in the original text: